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Rajasthan Travel Guide
Rajasthan is one of the 29 states of the republic of India, is situated in the north western part of India. It covers 342,239 square kilometres (132,139 square miles) is the largest state of the Republic of India in terms of area. Rajasthan lies between latitudes 23 degree 3'and 30 degree 12', north and longitudes 69 degree 30' and 78 degree 17', east. The southern part of Rajasthan is about 225 km from the Gulf of Kutch and about 400 km from the Arabian Sea.
Rajasthan is culturally rich and has artistic and cultural traditions which reflect the ancient Indian way of life. There is rich and varied folk culture from villages which is often depicted symbolic of the state. Highly cultivated classical music and dance with its own distinct style is part of the cultural tradition of Rajasthan. The music is uncomplicated and songs depict day-to-day relationships and chores, more often focused around fetching water from wells or ponds.
The food in Rajasthan is as diverse as the State itself. In some areas it is simple and basic while in others it is exotic and elaborate. As it normally happens, the cooking was influenced by the land and the lifestyle of its inhabitants and the availability of ingredients in this region. The cuisines of Rajasthan have a magnificent range of unique, colourful and spicy and sweet dishes. The dishes of Rajasthan have become so popular all over the country that many Rajasthan food festivals are arranged.
Fascinating Rajasthan Handicrafts is popular not only in India but all over the world. The art and craft activity was well developed in Rajasthan since the very olden times. Rajasthan has been able to preserve the art and craft tradition of bygone era and continue to produce some of the most impressive products even today. Fascinating Rajasthan Handicrafts features Tie-and-Dye Fabrics, Fine Block Printed Textiles, Wood and Ivory Carving, Lacquer and Filigree Work, Finely Cut Precious Stones, Dainty Enameled Jewelry, Paintings and Pottery.
The History of Rajasthan is very vast.The Indus Valley Civilization, one of the world's first and oldest civilizations, was located in parts of what is now Rajasthan. Kalibangan in Hanumangarh district, Rajasthan was a major provincial capital of the Indus Valley Civilization. It is believed that Western Kshatrapas (35–405 BC) were Saka rulers of the western part of India (Saurashtra and Malwa: modern Gujarat, Southern Sindh, Maharashtra, Rajasthan).
The Rajasthanis are a sturdy, cheerful lot, despite their ecological adversities and their long feudal history which, while it made Rajasthan a fascinating land of palaces and forts, left it with very low agricultural productivity and a near-total absence of modern industry till a few decades ago. Nevertheless no visitor to Rajasthan will fail to notice the extremely good physique of the average Rajasthani male and the (often veiled) beauty and colorful dress of the women, who seem to counter the dullness of the round-the-clock drudgery of their daily routine not only by the brightness of their garments but also in their music and dance and in the murals they paint on their walls.
Far from the royal cities of the state, the villages of Rural Rajasthan hold their own distinct charm. Though they usually lack any attraction in form of forts, palaces, gardens and wildlife sanctuaries, yet they are worth visiting for the simple reason that they present the life of Rajasthan at its most basic. The rural life of Rajasthan reflects the determination of the people to survive in even most difficult of circumstances. For a tourists visiting Rajasthan for the first time, it is actually difficult to find a village in the vast stretches of barren land.